St. George's Church
The Martyr's Statue
Addis Ababa city Hall
Addis Ababa (the
name means 'new flower') is of fairly recent origin - Menelik 11
founded the city in 1887. Situated in the foothills of the
Mountains and standing 2,400 metres above sea level it is the
third highest capital in the world. The city has a population of
about two million.
Before moving to the present site of Addis Ababa, Menelik had
established temporary capitals at six different locations caused
by exhausting the fuel wood at each of these sites. Addis itself
was in danger of being abandoned until the introduction of
fast-growing eucalyptus trees from Australia provided the city
with a regular source of fuel.
Addis Ababa is an important administrative centre not only for
Ethiopia but also
for the whole of Africa. The headquarters of the UN Economic
Africa was established here in 1958 and it is the site of the
There and Away
By Air :
is 5 kilometres from the city centre and is undergoing major
extensions, with a new International Passenger Terminal Building
Ethiopian Airlines run a free shuttle bus into the city. Taxis and
'contract taxis' run to and from the city, and leave the city from
By Bus :
The 2 main bus stations in Addis are the Autobus Terra near
Mercato, and the smaller terminal on
Ras Mekonin Ave
near the railway station. All National buses, with the exception
of buses to Nazret and Oebre Zeyi leave from the Autobus Terra.
Buses to Nazret and Debre Zeyit depart from the terminal in
Ras Mekonin Ave.
streets have names in
, and if they do may not be known by the names on the map. The
exception to this is Churchill Avenue which is the main
thoroughfare and shopping street in Addis.
It is best to navigate by using landmarks like the Post Office (posto
bet), Abiot (also known as Meskal), the station (la gare) and
areas like Piazza and Mercato, which are shopping areas. Some
roads have one name on the map and another in general use. For
example Africa Avenue on the map is universally known as
Bole Road, and Has Biru Avenue as
Debre Zeit Road.
There is a large and efficient network of blue and white minibuses
which cover the town.
Addis Ababa Hilton
Addis Ababa Sheraton
Addis Train station
Selassie (Trinity Church)
Africa Hall is on Menelik 11 Ave - an imposing symbol of African
independence and optimism. It houses the headquarters of the UN
Economic Commission for Africa. The huge stained glass windows
depict the suffering of the people of Africa.
The Filwoha springs are just to the west of the Africa Hall. These
springs, which have obviously lost some of their former beauty,
prompted Queen Taytu to persuade her husband to establish his new
capital at Addis Ababa. The thermal waters are now diverted to an
adjacent bathing complex.
Also next to the Africa Hall lies the huge Square a natural
amphitheater where parades are held every September to mark the
1974 revolution. Portraits of Marx, Angels, Lenin and Comrade
Mengistur used to adorn the square.
St George's Cathedral:
St George's Cathedral (Giorgis Cathedral). lies at the north end
of Churchill Rd. Built in 1896 in the traditional octagonal shape
to commemorate Ethiopia's victory over the Italians at the Battle
of Adwa, the Cathedral houses the work of Afewerk Tekle, the
renowned Ethiopian artist responsible for the stained glass
windows of the Africa Hall. Cathedral opens 0800-0900 and
1200-1400. There is a small museum in the compound.
The Menelik Mausoleum:
The Menelik Mausoleum, built in 1941 to serve as the tombs of
emperors and princes, and the Trinity Cathedral, are located
nearby St. George's. The Trinity Cathedral was built to
liberation from five years of Italian occupation.
The Lion of Judah Monument
Haile Selassie's Grand palace:
Haile Selassie's Grand palace is located north east of Churchill
Ave at the end of Colsen St. The Emperor has a second residence,
on Menelik Ave, just north of the Ghion Hotel.
is located at Han St / Kilo crossroads, just north of St Mary's
Church. Guides are the only real source of information, since
the exhibits are poorly labelled, but they vary in standard. The
exhibits are varied, and include Lucy; the female fossil skeleton
found in northeast Ethiopia in 1974, believed to be about three
and a half million years old. The museum has an extensive
collection of artifacts, some predating the Axumite civilization
of Tigre. It also includes a selection of the more than 200
designs of crosses found in Ethiopia. It is open from 0830-1230
Near the museum are the Lion Cages, probably the only place in
Ethiopia to see the Abyssinian lion. The cages are probably best
not visited by animal lovers.
IISquare: In Menelik
in 1930, in
and is close
base of the
would lay a
mass at St.
but did not
Haile Selassie's Grand palace
The Tiglachin Monument
The Freedom Tower
Martyrs Square (Sidist
Kilo): The Yekatit
12 Square (Sidist
tribute to the
butchered by the
that date in in
Calender year of
place at the
order of the
response to an
him carried out
priests of the
laid here by the
during his rule,
but for a time
after the fall
of the Dergue
regime, only the
Mayor of Addis
carried out this
President of the
has taken over
this task. The
monument is in
the form of a
with black bas
scenes of the
massacre as well
as scenes of the
accorded to the
remains of the
victims in the
presence of the
around it. A
Lion of Judah
the face of the
though the image
of the Lion of
Judah and the
removed from all
over the city
during the reign
of the Dergue,
did not touch
stands in the
of the Yekatit
that as the
square are the
of the Guenete
which today is
the main campus
of the Addis
square is the
Lion Zoo, where
many of the old
The Churches of
and the Meskia
Alem are both
nearby, as are
palaces of the
Dergue Era), the
Duke of Harrar
the Womens wing
of the Workers
Navy), as well
as the American
Meyazia 27 Square (Arat
Meyazia 27 Square is
the official name of
what is popularly
known as Arat Kilo,
a name that applies
both to the square
and the surrounding
district of the city
of Addis Ababa. The
monument at the
heart of the Square
victory over the
invaders, and the
preceded it (Meyazia
27 on the Ethiopian
Calendar, May 5th on
Calendar, is both
the day that Addis
Ababa was occupied
by the Fascists, as
well as the day that
Selassie returned to
his capital in
triumph exactly 5
years later). The
includes a relief of
the Emperor Haile
Selassie holding the
national flag, which
was altered during
the reign of the
Dergue regime into a
representation of a
holding the national
flag. The EPRDF
regime that deposed
the Dergue restored
the Emperor's face
to the monument. The
topped by a Lion of
predates the fascist
occupation, and the
of relief figures
panels was added
after the war. The
Arat Kilo monument
stands at the heart
of Addis Ababa's
and in front of the
(not shown here).
dome can be seen in
the background) and
building are nearby,
as are the present
office of the Prime
Minister and the
Also nearby are the
Science College, the
Emperor Menelik II
High School and the
Berhan Ena Selam
Foreign Heads of
lay a wreath at this
state visits. This
square was the focus
of Victory Day
celebrations held on
May 5th (Meyazia 27)
every year when the
Emperor would lay a
attendance at Mass
at Meskia Hazunan
Medhane Alem Church
(Church of the
Savior of the World,
Consoler of the
Grieved). The Dergue
regime changed the
date of Victory Day
to the day that
and his British,
South African and
actually entered the
city. The post
Dergue government in
restored Victory Day
to it's original
The Lion of
The Lion of
stands in the
square in front
of Addis Ababa's
of the Lion of
Judah in it's
stands on a
II and Haile
Selassie I, and
as well as Ras
marks the foot
of the city's
which has the
Ababa City Hall
at it's other
end. The Lion of
Judah statue has
in 1930 just
was looted by
1935 and taken
to Rome, where
it was erected
next to the
of the Itlian
Hitler chose to
visit Rome, and
side the Fascist
In the parade
sword with which
to salute the
Fuhrer, and el
Duce, at the
marched past the
looked up and
saw to his
golden Lion of
symbol of the
to which his
erected as war
booty in the
heart of Rome.
It was too much
for him to bear,
and he promptly
drew his sword
and with tears
of anger running
down his face he
fell on the
officer he could
find. He killed
he was killed.
Zerai Deres is
lionized to this
day as a brave
remained in Rome
decades, and was
to Addis Ababa
the 1960's. When
it's square the
day it arrived,
the Emperor was
to salute, and
to pay tribute
to Zerai Deres.
1974, the Dergue
to remove the
statue once more
as it was a
the elderly war
to the Dergue to
memory of Zerai
Deres and his
was inspired by
symbol. This act
saved the statue
and it stood it
the Dergue era,
and continues to
Entoto Mariam Church
Patriots Memorial (Arat kilo)
Abune Petros Memorial:
Just West of
Hall, down the
hill on the main
road to the
is Abune Petros
Square with it's
of Wello who was
executed by the
Italians at the
edge of this
Abune Petros was
one of the four
were anointed as
bishops by the
of Alexandria to
serve under the
Petros was given
the province of
Wello as his
occupied much of
traveled to the
district of Menz
to join the sons
of Ras Kassa,
Abera and Asfa
Wossen Kassa and
leaders to plan
an attack on the
drive them out
of Addis Ababa.
failed in 1937,
and the Bishop
Italian rule, he
was condemned to
Petros Bishop of
in his clerical
robes, held up
his hand cross
his anathema on
the people and
on the very
if they were
ever to submit
to the invader.
He was then shot
to death in
front of a
Selassie had the
in the memory of
Bishop upon his
the throne. The
spot of his
execution on the
western edge of
this square is
also marked by a
the brutal rule
of the Dergue
bodies of many
victims of the
in this square.
The Mercato is located in western Addis Ababa and is one of the
largest markets in Africa offering an array of colors, aromas,
costumes, produce and jewellery. Beware of pickpockets. In Mercato
is on sale, from
Entity is the mountain range that rises to the north of Addis and
is easily accessible from the city. This is where Menelik started
his first capital, and the
where he was crowned can still be visited At the top of the hill
is the Church of Entonto Raguel which offers stunning views.
Wabe Shebelle, Africa, Harambee, Ras and National hotels may have
restrictions on unmarried couples sharing rooms. Government hotels
can be booked through the NTO or the head office of the hotel
The Ghion Group manages the Ghion, the Taitu and the National
hotels Tel. 513222, Fax 515381.
The Ras Group manages the Ras,
Nile and the
Africa hotels, Tel. 517060, Fax 51533.
The Wabe Shebelle Group manages the Wabe Shebelle and the Maskal
Flower hotels, T517187.
The Ethiopian group manages the Harambee,
Tourist hotels Tel. 517400. Buffet de la Gare is the best value in
Addis Ababa Hilton, very central on Menelik Ave, Tel. 518400,
Fax 510064, Tx21104. Luxury accommodation with comprehensive
business and recreations facilities
very central on Yohanis St, Tel. 517138, Fax 514029, reservations
Africa, Dejazmach World Mikael St, Tel. 517060/447385
Carrera Lodge, Roosevelt St, PO Box 6273, Tel. 755144/754499.
Ethiopia, Yohannes Ave near Churchill Rd, Tel. 5117400/447400,
Telex 221072. Located in business and commercial district
Ghion, very central on Menelik Ave, close to Revolution Square,
Tel. 513222/443170, Telex 21112
Guenet, Beyene Merid St, Tel. 518125, older style
Harambee, Taitu St, Tel. 517400/154000/154327/154226/154457, Telex
lbex, Bole Rd, Tel. 654400. New, comfortable hotel
National, Menelik Ave, Tel. 513222/155166, Telex 21112
Blue Nile, Ras Mekonin Ave, Tel. 517060.
Tel. 517060/447060, Telex 21485. Just north of railway station,
very popular and one of the oldest hotels in Addis
Wabe Shebelle, Ras Abebe Aragay St, Tel. 515187/447187/90.
Axum, Asmara Rd, PO Box 40318, Tel. 188832.
Balu, near Piazza. Good value.
Buffet de la Gare, near station, PO Box 2381, Tel. 517888/517125,
Fax 515959 Good location,.
Maskal Flower Hotel, adjacent to the Debre Zeit Road, Tel. 517187.
Central, good value.
and Trinity Cathederal. Popular.
Filwoha Hotel, Tel. 511404. Near the hot springs.
Fin-Fin Hotel, opposite the Filwoha
Debre Zeit Rd, south
of the city centre.
near the Plaza Hotel. Good value.
Tel. 515711, Fax 516655, PO Box 1647. Recommended.
Bel Air Hotel, off
Queen Elizabeth St,
near Ras Ambas Hotel allows camping.
Debre Damo, Asmara Rd.Good value.
Tsegenet, Wabe Shebelle Hotel,
Ras Abebe Aragay St,
Tel. 447187/90. Roof-top location, on l1th floor, good views
Abiata Restaurant, Wabe Shebelle Hotel, Ras Abebe Aragay St,
International cuisine. Addis Ababa Restaurant, Weatherall St.
Traditional Ethiopian food
Casino Restaurant, Ghion Hotel, Menelik Ave, International cuisine
and flambe nights on Friday and Saturday in gardens.
China Bar, off Ras Mekonin Ave. Chinese cuisine
Atse Yohannes Ave,
near the Hilton Hotel. Ethiopian cuisine
Ghion Restaurant, Ghion Hotel, Menelik Ave. International cuisine.
Harar Grill, Addis Ababa Hilton, Menelik Ave, French cuisine.
Jacaranda, Addis Ababa Hilton Menelik Ave. Italian and Mexican
Lambardo, on Ras Abebe Aregay Ave. Italian food
Cottage Restaurant & Pub, near the Harambee Hotel on Desta Demtew
Ave Swiss food.
Lalibela, Ras Desta Ave. International cuisine.
Mainly American, Indian and Arabic films are shown.
Ambassador Theatre, near National Theatre and Harambee Hotel on
Cinema Ethiopia, near Piazza.
National Theatre on
near the Ethiopia Hotel has regular traditional dance and music
1600-1800 on Thursday.
City hall, at the north end of Churchill Rd
Concord Nightclub on Concord Ave. Very popular.
3M Club at Carrera Lodge Hotel, on Roosevelt St to the southwest
of the centre. Live bands at weekends.
Ghion Nightclub, on
close to Revolution square.
The Tunnel, on Churchill north of Ras Hotel.
Swimming: at Ghion Hotel, and at Hilton Hotel.
Tennis: at Ghion Hotel, Hilton Hotel, Guenet Hotel, Taitu Hotel.
Horse racing: at Jan Meda, Tel.112540. Northeast of the city
centre off Muluetsa St Soccer: at Addis Ababa Stadium on Ras Desta
Damtew Ave. There are games on most Thursday evenings and on
Saturday and Sunday.
Addis Ababa airport runway
Addis Ababa airport Terminal
For bus journeys to the regions it is necessary to buy a ticket
the day before departure. Bus station ticket office opens at 0800,
and to be certain of booking you should arrival by 0700
Red and yellow Ambasa buses operate within the city, stopping at
every red and yellow marking. There is a flat fare per person for
a one way trip.
Cream coloured National Tour Operator taxis operate at Bale
International Airport. There is also a minibus service from the
Private taxi service operates in the smaller blue and white cars
along set routes, often on vehicle sharing basis.
Ethiopian Airways connects with many European destinations and
with 23 African cities In addition there are direct flights by
Abyssinian Airlines, Alitalia, Aeroflot, British Airlines, Egypt
Air, Lufthansa, Interflug, KLM
Royal Dutch Airlines,
Sudan Airways, Yemenian and
Kenyan Airways. Internal flights with Ethiopian Airlines and
efficient and cheap.
A 782 kilometre railway connects Addis with Djibouti on the Red
Sea. The trains from Addis Ababa leave daily at around 0700 and
1930, arriving in Djibouti approximately 24 hours later. The main
stop is at Dire Dawa, a bit over half way. Booking is at the
railway station at the southern end of Churchill Rd. It necessary
to make a reservation as the train is often full. Road
Buses to and from the regions are frequent. However the road s are
in poor condition, so allow for extra journey time. The main bus
terminal is at Merkato while a second bus station is near the
railway station on Ras Mekonin Ave with frequent services to
nearby destinations such as Debre Zeit, Mojo and Nazret.
Tel. 157322. Air France Tel. 19044. Air Tanzania Corporation, Tel.
15753. Alitalia, P. O. Box 3240, Tel. 154640. Ethiopian Airlines
has 3 offices in City centre near National Theatre on Churchill
Ave ( this office for internal flights, which have to be paid for
in US$ cash Tel. 447000). The head office is at the airport Tel.
512222/612222. Kenya Airways, P.O. Box 3381 T 443018. Lufthansa,
P.O.Box 2484, new Insurance building, Churchill Rd.
Bank of Ethiopia at airport.
Commercial bank of Ethiopia Churchill Rd.
National Bank of
Ethiopia Churchill Rd.
on Churchill Ave near Adua square, open 0800-1600.
Telephone Calls can made through the telecommunications Head
Office opposite Holy Saviour church. Telex, telegram and fax
service are also available from here, and from the main Post
Office on Churchill Rd. Collect calls can be made. Most of the
larger hotels have telex and telegram facilities.
Hospital on Churchill Rd behind Tiglachin monument.
Ethio-Swedish Clinic, Tel.449933.
City Council runs a number of inexpensive public pharmacies. There
is one next to the National Tour Operation head office, near Ghion
Hotel off Menelik Ave, on Ras Dista Deneten St. It stocks some
imported medicines. There is also a pharmacy in Hilton Hotel.
to the state-owned National Tour Operation, there are several
private tour and travel agencies.
PO Box 4263,Tel. 511177,
PO Box 1223, Tel. 513755, Fax 515244,
Distance Travel Agency,
PO Box 70186,
Tel. 151715, Fax 515963.
Eastern Travel and Tourist Agency, PO Box 1136,Tel. 511574, Fax
more Tour Operators.
Tourist Commission, on the corner of Desta Damtew St/Abiot Square,
PO Box 5709, Tel. 5514838/5512923. There is also a branch in Addis Ababa
Hilton, Tel. 158400, Telex 21104, Menelik Ave open daily.
The Department of Natural Resources, just off Africa Ave (the road
Sells a range of information sheets and maps for many of the
national parks, for just a nominal charge.